by Clay Bonnyman Evans, his grandson
In November 1943, Marine 1st Lt. Alexander Bonnyman, Jr. was mortally wounded while leading a successful assault on a critical Japanese fortification on the Pacific atoll of Tarawa, and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military honor. The brutal, bloody 76-hour battle would ultimately claim the lives of more than 1,100 Marines and 5,000 Japanese forces.
But Bonnyman’s remains, along with those of hundreds of other Marines, were hastily buried and lost to history following the battle, and it would take an extraordinary effort by a determined group of dedicated civilians to find him.
In 2010, having become disillusioned with the U.S. government’s half-hearted efforts to recover the “lost Marines of Tarawa,” Bonnyman’s grandson, Clay Bonnyman Evans, was privileged to join the efforts of History Flight, Inc., a non-governmental organization dedicated to finding and repatriating the remains of lost U.S. service personnel. In Bones of My Grandfather, Evans tells the remarkable story of History Flight’s mission to recover hundreds of Marines long lost to history in the sands of Tarawa. Even as the organization begins to unearth the physical past on a remote Pacific island, Evans begins his own quest to unearth the reclaim the true history of his grandfather, a charismatic, complicated hero whose life had been whitewashed, sanitized and diminished over the decades.
On May 29, 2015, Evans knelt beside a History Flight archaeologist as she uncovered the long-lost, well-preserved remains of of his grandfather. And more than seventy years after giving his life for his country, a World War II hero finally came home.
Bones of My Grandfather is the astonishing saga of a soldier lost in brutal fighting on a remote atoll in the Pacific, the hole that lost left in his family and their descendants. His loss was in the headlines because his family was well-known and wealthy, but even that didn’t help them bring home his remains. Woven among details of the battle are pockets of family history, a grandson’s search for answers, the politics of finding and identifying remains, discussion of the War Graves Registration Service, amphibious warfare history, even the politics of awarding war medals–the Medal of Honor had been denied to Bonnyman in 1944, but awarded to him two years later.
The black sheep of a prominent Southern family became a mythic hero.
I was especially interested in this story as an uncle, Lt. Dale R. Wilson, was MIA in New Guinea three days before Sandy Bonnyman was killed on Tarawa Atoll. The remains of Wilson and the rest of his B-25 crew have never been found.
Sandy Bonnyman’s remains were eventually recovered and returned, to be reinterred with family in Knoxville, Tennessee.
At the end of the book are an Afterword and an extensive list of Works Consulted, Endnotes, and and Index.