Over 300 years ago, in America, more than 200 people were accused as practicing witchcraft in and around Salem in colonial Massachusetts. Twenty were executed.
I didn’t study the Salem witch trials until I learned that ten generations back, one of my husband’s ancestors had three sisters accused as witches and put in jail. Two of them were hung!
Back through Hattie (Kern) Kidney, the first white child born in Lee County, Illinois–whom Chief Sabona and his braves came to see in 1836, the braves climbing the trees to watch when the baby was brought outside. Hattie’s parents were James W. Kern (Civil War Co. A, 10th Reg. Minn. Vol. Inf.) and Caroline E. Town.
The Town[e] Family
Back through Russel Town (1789-1867), Revolutionary War soldier David Town (1762-1828), Edmund Town (1724-1779), and Ephraim Town (born 1688). Ephraim’s father–who eventually began to spell his last name without the “e”–was John Towne (1658-1740), a Selectman of Framingham, Massachusetts, later Town Clerk and Selectman of Oxford. John’s father was Ensign Jacob Towne, baptized in 1932 in England, married n 1657 in Salem, Massachusetts.
Jacob’s father was “Goodman William” Towne, born in Yarmouth, England in 1599, married there. He brought his wife and family–six children, from baby Mary to Rebecca, age fourteen–from England to the new world in 1672, settling at Salem. Two more children, including Sarah, were born at Salem.
William Towne died in 1672, twenty years before three of his daughters–Rebecca, Mary, and Sarah–were among those accused of witchcraft. Just who were these relatives of my husband’s family, and what could they have possibly done to even be accused of the “Devil’s magic,” to be hung for it?
Learning riveting details, while corresponding through the mail with contemporary cousins, always sent me to the public library–this time on a witch hunt.
I easily found their names–Rebecca Nurse, Mary Esty, and Sarah Cloyce–the Towne sisters. My husband descends from their brother, Jacob Towne.
Rev. Samuel Parris moved to Salem Village in 1689 with his wife, daughter, niece, and two slaves. Even though their church preached against the occult, the two young girls, with the help of the slave Tituba began to experiment with spells. The girls began to moan and writhe. A doctor who eventually examined them decided they must be under a spell.
You can just imagine the gossip in a small town about the whole situation, involving the pastor’s own daughter and niece.
Churchmen decided to determine who had bewitched the girls and encouraged them to name their tormentors. Soon, other Salem girls were bewitched as well, accusing others in the community. There were already squabbles over land and other problems in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Things got complicated, which you can read about in several histories about what happened. The hysteria eventually led to the deaths of twenty people!
The Towne Sisters
Indeed, two of the Towne sisters were hanged as witches–Rebecca that July 19, and Mary on September 22.
Those tried for witchcraft and still imprisoned in May 1693 were pardoned, but the damage had been done. In 1697, a day of fasting and soul-searching for the tragedy was ordered. In 1711 the colony passed a bill restoring the rights and good names of those accused and granted restitution to their heirs. Massachusetts eventually formally apologized for the events–in 1957, more than 250 years later.
DAR Lineage Book; Topsfield, Mass. Vital Records; Towne Family History; Obituary of David R. Town; http://salem.lib.virginia.edu/people?group.num=&mbio.num=mb21
Boyer, Paul & Stephen Nissenbaum. Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard U. Press, 1974)
Brown, David C. A Guide to the Salem Witchcraft Hysteria of 1692. (Havertown, PA: Casemate Academic, 1984)
Starkey, Marion L. The Devil in Massachusetts: A Modern Enquiry Into the Salem Witch Trials. (NY: Doubleday, 1949)
Also YA: Ann Rinaldi’s A Break With Charity: A Story about the Salem Witchcraft Trials.